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Child Care Knowledge and Their Types

Child Care

Introduction:

Child care is needed for children for their psychological growth and development. It may be formal or informal care of children. Formal care gets to the family environment, relatives and society. Informal care may be verbal direction and other training regarding the children behavior. This caregiving role may also be taken on by the children’s extended family. Child care is on the rise in contrast to familial caregiving is that of center based child care. Familial caregiving may be given to paid caretakers to provide care, housing and schooling.

Professional caregiving includes center based care (daycare, preschools and schools) and home based care (nanny or family daycare). Child care can advance learning environments that include early childhood education or elementary education. Child care provider is a teacher or person with educational background in child development from the common core skills typical of a child caregiver.

Child Care

Child care is a daycare that takes care and supervision most children at age range from 2 weeks to 20 years. Child care is the skill of looking after children by a daycare center such as nannies, babysitter, teachers or other providers. Child care is a topic that covers a large area such as professionals, institutions, contexts, activities and social and cultural conventions. Early child care is an overlooked component of child development. Child care providers can be children’s first teachers and role in systems of early childhood education. Child care is mainly focused on the development of the child that is mental, social or psychological.

Important Child care and Early Education

Child care quality is high that keeps children safe and healthy. It helps children develop skills that need for success in school and lives outside of school:

  • Social, emotional and communication skills are development
  • Pre-literacy and basic mathematical skills and concepts are increased
  • An awareness of child environment and the roles of the people care of it

Important of High Quality Child care for Child Development

High quality child care may be child development and school preparation by providing most educational and social experiences. High quality child care is features as: 

  • To maintain well-qualified, well-paid, stable staff, low child-adult ratios and efficient management. 
  • To ensure that control of child development (physical, motor, emotional, social, language and cognitive development).

High quality provision can deliver well being and suitable development to young children. Young children should have access to high-quality child care and early education.

Different Types of Child Care

The most common types of child care. 

1. Traditional Daycare Center

Traditionally needs a daycare center at present times for good child caring. Provably, most daycare centers maintain child care during standard work hours. Daycare centers provide half day or full day care for children and sometimes provide meals and field trips. Daycare centers charge of families monthly or hourly and they provide a structured routine with large groups of kids. Daycare centers are businesses located in buildings but sometimes located in religious institutions, schools or community centers.

2. In-Home Daycare

In-home daycare centers are needed with children to maintain their activities easily. It often provides child care in a home setting with fewer children than in traditional daycare centers. Costs may be less for in-home daycares. Licensed in-home daycare centers are required to provide age for suitable activities and provide caretakers with child care training. 

3. Nanny

Nanny is so important home care for some children. Nanny can provide individual care in home for families. They often commit to full time hours and employees work with family. Typically, nannies charge per hour schedule in advance. It allows for individualized care but sometimes costs more than other child care services. 

4. Shared Nanny

A shared nanny is similar to a traditional nanny providing child care services. But a shared nanny instead of providing child care services to one family will provide child care services to two families at one time. To reduce costs, families can hire one nanny to care for all of their children at the same time. This is often one of the family’s homes and provides children with social interaction and lower costs than a dedicated nanny.

5. Au pair

Au pairs are foreign caregivers who live with the family’s provide child care. Parents can be provided au pairs with room and board as well as a stipend. Au pairs provide families with child care. Au pairs allow families to have the flexibility of living in child care. It provides children with consistent caretakers of the families they serve.

6. Babysitter

A babysitter is short time care that provides hourly care for children. It sometimes are part-time caregivers and provide care on an as needed basis.

7. Relative care

Relatives or friends are important to families that sometimes take on the child care responsibilities while parents work. Children can get to regular care from known and trusted people, relatives and friends typically are able to provide flexible care. Payment varies depending on situations and relationships.

8. Preschool

Children are 3-5 years old who may attend preschool. Preschools are similar to daycare centers that provide suitable learning environments for children. Preschools typically charge monthly and allow for childs to spend time with other preschoolers and learn in semi structured environments. Many preschools offer full day care on off days.

Regulated Child Care Options

Each type of child care has its own separate rules and requirements.

Family Day Care (FDC)

Family day care is provided by 1 adult for 3-8 children in an occupied residence. Age of children may range from 6 weeks to 12 years. It helps to maintain good character in child care.

Group Family Day Care (GFDC)

Group family day care is provided by at least 2 adults for 3-16 children in an occupied residence. A group provider must have an assistant when there are more than 8 children. There must be 1 adult for every 2 children under 2 years old. Age of children may range from 6 weeks to 12 years. It helps to maintain good character in child care.

Day Care Center (DCC)

Day care center is provided for 6 or more children on a regular basis. There are needs specific building staffing and program requirements. Children are grouped by age. Day care centers in many countries range from 12 to 170 children.

School Age Child Care (SACC)

School age child care is provided for children under 13 years of age who attend school. It may be provided before and after school and during school holidays and breaks. It may be provided in a school, church, child care center, or community center.

Other Early Childhood Programs

Nursery Schools

Nursery Schools generally serve children ages 3-5 years in a variety of facilities. They typically manage for 3 hours or less per session. These programs are not regulated.

Camp Programs

Recreational programs that operate during the summer months and sometimes school holidays may be regulated by the NYS Department of Health or may be afterschool programs regulated by the NYS Office of Children and Family Services.

Conclusion

Child care is so important all over the world for proper growth and brain development. Most parents are busy at their workplace that no give extra time for their children. It is harmful to each child for growth and development. In this situation, child care is increasing their service for the social environment and healthy growth and development.

Reference


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