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Coronavirus Effects and Preventive Solution

Coronavirus

Introduction:

Coronavirus are officially named SARS-CoV-2 is the disease which spreads from air through mouth, nose and eyes from person to person.  In December 2019, Coronavirus originated in a food market in Wuhan, China. This infectious disease is called COVID-19.

People infected with this virus spread mildly to moderate respiratory illness and recovery without any special treatment. Older people suffering from various medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illnesses.

Coronavirus

Coronavirus is a group of viruses that can occur due to illnesses such as the common cold, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). In 2019, a new coronavirus was identified in this disease outbreak from China.

New coronavirus are called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This disease is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the coronavirus outbreak was a pandemic.

Public health groups are monitoring the pandemic and posting updates on their websites. These groups have recommendations for preventing and treating the illness.

Sign and Symptoms of Coronavirus Disease 2019

Signs and symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may seem 2 to 14 days after exposure. This time after exposure and before having symptoms is an incubation period.

Sign and Symptoms of Coronavirus
Sign and Symptoms of Coronavirus

Common signs and symptoms can include:

  • Fever
  • Dry Cough
  • Tiredness

Early symptoms of COVID-19 can include a loss of taste in the mouth or smell in the nose.

Other symptoms can include:

  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Chest pain

Other less common symptoms are rash, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Mild symptoms occur in children and adults.

The severity of symptoms may range from very mild to severe. Some people may have few symptoms or no symptoms at all. Some people may have serious symptoms such as shortness of breath and pneumonia after symptoms start.

Older people have a higher risk of serious illness from corona virus and the risk increases with age. People may have existing chronic medical conditions that have a higher risk of serious illness. Serious medical conditions that increase the risk of serious illness from corona virus include:

  • Serious heart diseases (Exemple: heart failure, coronary artery disease)
  • Cancer
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Severe obesity
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Weakened immune system (solid organ transplants)

Other conditions may risk of serious illness include:

  • Asthma
  • Liver disease
  • Chronic lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis
  • Brain and nervous system conditions
  • Weakened immune system (bone marrow transplant, HIV)
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • High blood pressure

Other underlying medical conditions may increase your risk of serious illness from coronavirus. 

Doctor Care for emergency times

Coronavirus symptoms or contact with someone diagnosed with coronavirus then contact doctor or clinic for medical advice. The health care team can immediately be concerned about symptoms and possible exposure.

Emergency coronavirus signs and symptoms can seek care immediately. Emergency signs and symptoms can include:

  • Trouble breathing
  • Persistent chest pain or pressure
  • Inability to stay awake
  • New confusion
  • Blue lips or face

If a person notices any signs or symptoms of coronavirus then contact the doctor or clinic for guidance. Doctor knows of any other chronic medical conditions such as heart disease or lung disease. During the pandemic, this important issue to make sure health care is needed.

Causes of Coronavirus

Coronaviruses are first developing in animals before developing in humans. The virus is passing from animal to humans and a person has to come into close contact with an animal that carries the infection. People have developed this coronavirus that can be spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. These droplets can be breathed into the respiratory tract where the virus can then lead to an infection. But researchers believe that the virus may pass from bats to another animal such as snakes or pangolins and then transmi tted to humans. These transmissions occurred in the open food market in Wuhan, China.

Risk factors for Coronavirus

Risk factors for COVID-19 appear to include:

  • Close contact (within 6 feet or 2 meters) with spreads coronavirus
  •  May coughed or sneezed on by an infected person

Complications of Coronavirus

Most people affected with coronavirus have mild to moderate symptoms. This disease can cause severe medical complications and lead to death in some people. Older adults or people with existing chronic medical conditions are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill with corona virus. Complications can include:

  • Pneumonia and trouble breathing
  • Organ failure in several organs
  • Heart problems
  • A severe lung condition that causes a low amount of oxygen to go through bloodstream to organs (acute respiratory distress syndrome)
  • Blood clots
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Additional viral and bacterial infections
  • Severe muscle pain
  • Fatigue

Prevention of Coronavirus

Prevention of coronavirus can take steps to reduce your risk of infection. Precautions for avoiding coronavirus:

  • Don’t go to large events and mass gatherings.
  • Don’t come to close contact (within about 6 feet, or 2 meters) with anyone who is sick or has symptoms.
  • To stay at home as much as possible and keep to distance between own and others (within about 6 feet or 2 meters), especially if a person has a higher risk of serious illness. Keep in mind some people may have coronavirus and spread it to others, even if they don’t have symptoms or don’t know they have coronavirus.
  • Should friquently wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use an alcohol based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
  • To cover your face with a normal cloth face mask in public spaces such as the grocery store, mosque, bazaar that avoid close contact with others then can’t be spread. Should be used only nonmedical cloth masks — surgical masks and N95 respirators should be reserved for health care providers.
  • Outside of home to cover your mouth and nose with your elbow or a tissue when you cough or sneeze then use the tissue and wash your hands properly.
  • Don’t touch your mouth, nose and eyes.
  • Don’t share dishes, glasses, towels, bedding and other household items if you’re sick.
  • Daily to clean and disinfect touch surfaces such as doorknobs, light switches, electronics and counters.
  • To stay at home from work, school and public areas if a person is sick, unless going to get medical care.
  • Don’t move to public transportation, taxis and ride-sharing if you’re sick.

If a person has any chronic medical condition or higher risk of serious illness then check with a doctor about other ways to protect yourself.

Coronavirus vs. Seasonal Flu

The coronavirus is much more deadly than seasonal flu. There are some common symptoms of the seasonal flu infection include:

  • cough
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • fever
  • headache
  • fatigue
  • chills
  • body aches
Seasonal Flu at USA in 1939
Seasonal Flu at USA in 1939

Risk of Coronavirus for Older Age

High risk for developing coronavirus disease that comes into contact with someone who is carrying the virus. Corona virus especially exposed to saliva for notice coughed or sneezed. Washing hands and disinfecting surfaces can help decrease risk for catching corona virus or other viruses.

Older men are shown especially susceptible to the virus. A found that the median age of people testing positive for coronavirus was around 45 years that over two-thirds of those people were male.

Diagnosis of Coronavirus

Coronavirus can be diagnosed similarly to other viral infections such as using a blood, saliva or tissue sample. Sharing the problem with talking to a doctor right away if people can have coronavirus infection especially traveled abroad in the past 14 days. Doctors speak to the local office of public health to provide guidance on whether testing for the virus is needed.

A lab technician tests a sample of blood or uses a cotton swab to take a sample of saliva or respiratory secretions from nose or throat. This sample is a testing facility to confirm the presence of viral material or antibodies that respond to the virus.

Treatments of Corona-virus

No treatment specific approval for the coronavirus and no cure for an infection. In past times, treatments and vaccines are currently under study. In present times, vaccines are completed successfully at the 3rd phase trial in few countries and try to vastly produce for the spread of the world. Russia’s already invented vaccines are called sputnik 5. However, treatment focuses on managing symptoms as the virus can run.

Seek immediately to medical help if people notice coronavirus symptoms. Doctors will recommend treatment for any symptoms or complications that develop to cure disease. Other coronaviruses like SARS and MERS are developing vaccines and treatments. Some treatments need for these similar viruses include:

  • antiviral or retroviral medications
  • breathing support like mechanical ventilation
  • steroids to reduce lung swelling
  • blood plasma transfusions

Conclusion

First and foremost, don’t panic for coronavirus. If a person doesn’t need to wear a mask or be quarantined unless diagnosed with coronavirus. Probably, coronavirus seems scary when shown that new deaths, quarantines and travel bans to and from abroad. But, coronavirus is less severe and widespread than more common and more threatening infectious conditions like the seasonal flu. Stay calm and follow diagnosed with a coronavirus infection that can recover and help to prevent it from spreading.

Reference


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