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Ebola virus is an acute or serious illness that is often fatal for untreated situations. Ebola virus is not infectious are more common viruses like colds, influenza, or measles. Ebola virus spreads to humans by contact with the skin or body fluids of infected animals such as monkeys, chimps or bats. Ebola virus diseases are spread from person to person the same way. Other ways to spread the Ebola virus include touching contaminated needles or surfaces. Ebola virus can not spread from air, water, or food. A person who has Ebola virus-infected but has no symptoms can’t spread the disease.
Ebola virus is one kind of disease that occurs when Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a severe and often fatal infection. It is spread through contact with animals to humans or person to person that has infected blood or bodily fluids.
In 1976, Ebola virus disease first occurred in Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire). After that is named the Ebola River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Ebola virus is limited to remote villages near tropical rainforests in Central and West Africa. In 2014, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease was the largest documentary history of cases and the geographical spreads.
There are 5 five types of species of the Ebola virus genus with 3 of them previous EVD outbreaks. In 2014, an outbreak of Ebola virus disease by the Zaire species was the most deadly strain with a historic fatality rate of up to 90%.
Ebola virus occurs first from an infected animal to a human and then between humans. The viral infections are spread from animals to humans through contact with infected wildlife such as fruit bats, chimps and gorillas. Certain bats are the natural hosts for the Ebola viruses.
Ebola virus disease is transmitted from person to person by direct contact to bodily fluids or secretions from infected people such as:
Ebola virus disease can occur through contact with contaminated fluids and the bodies of the deceased. Since the bodies of the deceased can be infected, safe burial practices are extremely important in containing outbreaks.
Ebola virus is reducing blood and immune system that can lead to bleeding and a weakened immune system. This virus is an incubation period of 2 to 21 days that characterized by rapid flu-like symptoms such as:
Others symptoms to develop:
People have died due to multiple organ failures. Ebola victims die of severe dehydration from extensive vomiting and diarrhea.
During outbreaks, the viral infections are getting to health care workers and the family and friends of the infected to close contact with the patients.
Ebola virus disease symptoms such as weakness, fever, headache and muscle pains are not specific to the disease during the primary stages of the infection when diagnosis is hard to recover. Common diseases symptoms are similar that include malaria, typhoid fever and cholera. People with suspected Ebola virus disease should be quarantined while diagnosed by laboratory tests.
Laboratory tests can be used to diagnose Ebola virus disease. Ebola virus disease is a common and rapid detection of RNA and antibodies of the Ebola virus in the blood. These tests detect the virus for body defense response against the virus. So, Tests of blood and tissues can easily diagnose Ebola virus.
Ebola virus infections are using the following diagnose methods:
WHO recommended tests include:
Specimens for diagnosis include:
No cure for Ebola virus disease for any vaccines available to prevent infection. Treatment is supportive and involves rehydration, nutrition and medications to the management of ebola virus symptoms such as pain, fever, vomiting etc. Most people with Ebola virus disease die from severe dehydration and early supportive treatment is improving the prevention of Ebola virus.
Treatments can be experimental serum that destroys infected cells.
Doctors can treatments the symptoms of Ebola virus with:
Since, no cure for Ebola virus disease for limiting outbreaks is to prevent transmission from animals to humans. There are several treatments include:
First and foremost, don’t panic about the Ebola virus. But, Ebola virus is less severe and widespread than more common and more threatening infectious. Stay calm and follow diagnosed with an Ebola virus infection that can recover and help to prevent it from spreading.