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Know about Elderly Care

Elderly Care

Introduction

Elderly care is so important to old ages. Humans are born infant but die old. Life is passed through some stages in a natural process: infant, childhood, adolescent, youth and old age. So, aging is a socialization process that starts at birth and ends at death. Nowadays, aging has become a social problem as with the change of society. Ageing is social problems as the elderly feel solitary due to multifarious reasons. 

Elderly Care

Elder care is often called senior care is specialized care that is designed to the needs and requirements of various older stages. Elder care is a broad term that encompasses everything from assisted living and nursing care to adult day care, home care and hospital care.It can accompany old age and can prompt a discussion about elder care.

Signs and Symptoms of Elderly Care

There are many sign and symptoms include:

Physical problems

  • Gait, stability (walking problems)
  • Sensory issues (a loss in hearing, seeing, smelling)
  • Chronic health conditions (diabetes, heart disease, arthritis)
  • Temporary or permanent physical problems that may inhibit the older ability to perform ADLs

Cognitive problems

  • Confusion
  • Memory loss
  • Attention problems
  • Forgetting to take meds on time at the right time or at all
  • Language problems
  • Dementia

 Emotional Problems

  • Depression
  • Social withdrawal
  • Loneliness
  • Changes in personality (irritable, angry, moody etc.)
  • Loss of interest in activities

Physical Problems – Physical health problems often come at the age of people and unable to work activities. Chronic illnesses occur for secondary impairments or new illnesses to develop. Disease related physical impairments may be easy to spot such as glaucoma occurring loss of vision.

Cognitive Problems – Cognitive problems can be expected as caring or love for older age. Some cognitive problems may impair their ability to live safely and independently. Cognitive problems occur memory loss, language problems, judgments problems and emotions problems.

Emotional Problems – Emotional problems may be various ways. For example, a loved one may become socially withdrawn, moody or irritable or suicidal thoughts.

Necessity of Elderly Care

Elder care is requiring any type of care to live independently in the future. However, elderly care often becomes an issue with activities of daily living, both safely and independently. Activities of daily older life may include cooking, cleaning, shopping, dressing, bathing, driving, taking meds etc.

Elder care needs may also happen quickly that recovering from a broken hip or recently had a stroke and is still suffering the cognitive or physical effects.

Elder care may be needed when a health condition such as physical, cognitive or emotional ability safely completes activities of daily living. Family members or a doctor are first to recognize a need for elder care.

Importance of Elderly Care Service

Elderly Care Service at home can save from lots of worry. Knowing that elderly parents or relatives are in the hands of professionals and staying at home.

Maintaining a proper healthy or balanced diet for elderly people is the most important factor. Olden aged has problems related to taste and digestion. Monitoring a healthy lifestyle with healthy meals for elderly people is given priorities. So, elderly home care includes all essential aspects such as doctor visits, Physiotherapy, physical activities and other supports.

Home Care Services for Elderly

The elderly care can get more comfortable at home. Elderly home care service in Bangladesh is available in rural areas but it is not available in urban areas.

The following are the typical services to expect that includes:

  • Personal care
  • Household maintenance
  • Health monitoring
  • Transformation
  • Companionship
  • Bathing
  • Dressing
  • Walking
  • Meal Preparation or Diet Monitoring
  • Light Housekeeping
  • Errands
  • Grocery Shopping
  • Medication Reminders
  • Joyful Companionship
  • Respite care for Family Caregivers
  • Care is available day and night
  • Temporary or Long-Term Care is Available
  • Weekends and Holiday Care is Available
  • 24-Hour Care Available

Elderly care services may be useful for a short time or long time in some cases. However, elderly people who are fragile and have a chronic disease will need supportive care. At that stage, they will not perform the simplest tasks. Some older people are suffering from Alzheimer’s or dementia. So, they need a specialized treatment. The concept of nursing homes and retirement communities may not look after the elders at home.

Elderly care at home packages offer flexibility and independence. These packages are customized and designed in a way that caters to all the individual needs. The packages below considering to needs are:

  • Basic care needs
  • Low care needs
  • Intermediate care needs
  • Intensive care needs

Elderly Care Problems in Bangladesh: Some Growing Issues and Recent Trends

In traditional societies, older people are respected by all and enjoy a valued social position in the extended household. But this situation is changing enormously due to the breakdown of traditional family patterns. It changes in traditional norms and values, innovation of modern medical facilities and increasing rates of older people. For these changes, the elderly person difficulty to meet their physiological, psychological and social needs.

Elderly people need living arrangement, food consumption and possessions on wealth, participation in decision making of the family and social attitude and values. A lot of multi-causal factors are responsible for the current situation of the elderly in Bangladesh.

Conclusions 

Elderly person is an unavoidable and universal process in human life. They are very unconsciously behavior for any person. It is ethical and moral responsibility to extend any helping hands towards elderly people. So, they can pass their ending days of life with respect, proper care and food security.

Poor health care service from the family members and threat from meeting basic needs such as unhygienic living conditions and poor sanitary system, isolation and loneliness, unsuitable transport system etc.

Reference


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